With your help, the Human Rights Union would like to propose that the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution be ratified.

The ratification is deemed necessary to correct systemic errors of poverty and inequality. Over ninety million brothers and sisters, citizens, suffer from violations of human rights everyday and the numbers increase despite our united efforts. But the problem is not the effort, the problem is the application of our efforts.

Ratifying the U.S. Constitution, provides the legal framework to promote, protect, and provide human rights. There are fundamental components to life that must be inherently protected in a civilization, for failure to do so questions the integrity and purpose of said culture.

The Human Rights Union believes the purpose of a nation is to increase the standard of living. And poverty and inequality indicate a decrease in the standard of living and raises question about the integrity of our economic and political systems.

Therefore, to form a more perfect union, ratifying the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution is not only a necessary evolution of humanity but a necessary revolution of democracy.


The Thirteenth Amendment reads as follows:

Amendment XIII [1865]

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

The ratification to Section 1 of the Thirteenth Amendment would propose to delete the exception to better represent the correctional goal of punishment. How can the punished honor a living wage if they are not given the opportunity to earn a living wage? An injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.

Proposed Ratification Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

There are no proposed ratifications to Section 2 of the Thirteenth Amendment.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

The Fourteenth Amendment reads as follows:

Amendment XIV [1868]

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of the law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

The ratification to Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment would propose to include a sentence including human rights and a subsection to define human rights and basic needs. The Human Rights Union believes the inclusion of human rights and basic needs is a complete integration of the foundational principles of citizenship. Life, liberty, or property are necessary privileges but without human rights to basic needs there does not exist life, liberty, or property. That would be in violation of the Thirteenth Amendment.

Proposed Ratification Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person human rights to basic needs; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of the law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Proposed Subsection to Section 1 – Section 1.1. Human Rights are the inalienable rights to resources and activities associated with the procurement, production, and consumption of basic needs adequate for healthy living.

Proposed Subsection to Section 1 – Section 1.2. Basic Needs are food, clothing, shelter, healthcare, education, defense, and environment.

Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the Unites States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis or representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

The proposed ratification to Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment would delete the exclusion as well as the word male. The Human Rights Union believes the ratification better describes citizenship.

Proposed Ratification Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the Unites States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis or representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such citizens shall bear to the whole number of citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

There are no proposed ratifications of Section 3., Section 4., and Section 5. of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office , civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may be a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.